Namibia

Namibia

How Much do you think you know about Namibia?

 

Country:

Namibia

Brief history and cultural background of the country:

The Republic of Namibia, also called (internationally until 1968 - South West Africa), is located on the southwestern coast of Africa.

After 106 years of German and South African rule, Namibia has gained its independence on March 21, 1990, under a democratic multiparty constitution.

The capital of the country is Windhoek. The territory of Namibia is 824,292 sq km, as the widespread population of the country is estimated at 2.4 million. The official language is English but widely spoken are also Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama. The major religion is Christianity.

Nаmіbіа hаѕ a wіdе сulturаl dіvеrѕіtу - thе іndіgеnоuѕ рорulаtіоn reflects the ѕосіаl vаluеѕ, norms, trаdіtіоnѕ and institutions dеvеlореd оvеr a lоng реrіоd оf tіmе. Eасh еthnіс group hаѕ іtѕ оwn distinct іdеntіtу thоugh сеrtаіn fеаturеѕ rеmаіn common to all ѕuсh as the wеаlth of trаdіtіоnаl arts, сrаftѕ, muѕіс аnd dance.

The German іnfluеnсе dominates the urban culture where from аrсhіtесturе tо Lutheran churches аnd mіѕѕіоnѕ tо bееrgаrtеnѕ and sausages, еvеrу аѕресt of daily lіfе hаѕ strong Tеutоnіс сhаrасtеrіѕtісѕ.

The many dіffеrеnt tribes’ реорlе whо live within thе territorial bоundаrіеѕ оf Nаmіbіа hаvе a rаngе оf crafts tурісаl оf еасh ethnic group. 

Popular / Internationally Recognized resources

Geographic Landmarks

  • Name: Twyfelfontein
  • Location: Kunene Region
  • Type – rock engravings
  • Name: EPUPA FALLS
  • Location: Kunene Region
  • Type – waterfalls
  • Name: FISH RIVER CANYON
  • Location: Central Highlands to the Orange River
  • Type – river

Historical Heritage:

  • Name: Franke Tower
  • Location: Omaruru
  • Type – tower
  • Background – The Franke Tower remembers the German military captain Erich Victor Carl August Franke (1865 to 1936), who attacked Omaruru in 1904 following a 900-km / 560-mile march. Franke led forces to suppress an uprising by the Herero forces and was victorious in his mission, receiving German military honours for his actions.
  • Name: Heroes Acre
  • Location: Windhoek
  • Type – acre with marble obelisk and statue of an unknown soldier

Background – A memorial to those who gave their lives during the fight for Namibia's independence, Heroes Acre is home to the tombs of 174 Namibian heroes.

International events

  • Name: Windhoek Karneval
  • Location: Windhoek
  • Started from – Annually in April, since 1952

 

Snapshot of the main challenges of the country

Education

The government offers seven years of primary education and five years of secondary education. Primary education is compulsory and may be completed between the ages 6 and 16. More than 80 percent of all children of age for primary education are enrolled in school—a figure higher than that in many African countries. With more than 80 percent of its adult population literate, Namibia has one of the highest rates of literacy in sub-Saharan Africa. Even though early school drop outs are very common due to child labor or early pregnancies. 

Health and welfare

Most Namibians are poor—about half of the population falls below the poverty line—and nutritional standards are low. Undernutrition and malnutrition are problematic, especially among children. Formal wage employment engages less than half of the workforce, and unemployment is high. An unfortunate legacy of Namibia’s colonial past is apparent in the income disparity between blacks and whites, whose average incomes are several times higher than those of black Namibians.

The AIDS epidemic is a serious problem in Namibia. The country has one of the highest infection rates in the world: by 2000 one in five adults was infected, and the number of HIV/AIDS cases overwhelmed the government’s health care system.

Snapshot of the main potential fields for growth, employment and tackle of social problems

Namibia has great potential for human development. The country has an abundance of diamonds, gold and uranium, it is already upper-middle-income and has some of the most ideal conditions for the production of renewable energy anywhere on the planet.

But relative to its peers, Namibia has some of the lowest levels of access to basic services of any upper-middle-income country. Although there is certainly room for improvement, Namibia is also affected by two problems that are a result of its unique history and geography. The first is the HIV/Aids epidemic. The second factor is inequality, which is significantly more pronounced in the region than elsewhere on the globe.

Traditional Cultural Characteristics and Art forms

Traditional arts and crafts include basketry, woodcarving, leatherwork, beadwork, pottery, music-making and dancing. More contemporary arts and crafts encompass textile weaving and embroidery, sculptures, print-making and theatre. The annual Bank Windhoek Arts Festival draws together every aspect of the arts, from music, dance and drama to the visual arts and even creative writing. Events are held primarily in Windhoek, but participants are selected from across the country.

Form of Arts popular among the young people

Music, dances, drama theater, creative writing, etc.